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Lawn Tractor with 54-in. Deck

  • 54-in. Accel Deep™ Deck
  • Easy mulching with optional MulchControl™ Kit (one-touch or from deck versions)
  • Powered by 24 hp (17.9 kW)* iTorque™ Power System
  • Automotive-style power steering
  • 4-year/500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty

View Product Brochure


Smooth-running V-twin engineSmooth-running V-twin engine

The tractor is powered by a John Deere iTorque™ power system, a combination of engine features and an exclusive hood design providing superior lugging ability, even cooling, and durability. Key engine features include:

  • 24 hp (17.9 kW)
  • Large 726 cc displacement
  • V-twin air-cooled design 
    • Excellent power and performance
    • Smooth, quiet power
    • Easy starts
  • Quality features include:
    • Cast-iron cylinder liners
    • Overhead valves
    • Full-pressure lubrication
    • Replaceable oil filter
    • Dual-stage air cleaner
  • Solenoid-shift starter for easy starts, even in cold weather
Flywheel alternator

A flywheel alternator provides plenty of capacity to quickly recharge the battery and power electrical equipment, such as lights or a sprayer:

  • 15-amp capacity
  • Regulated to keep the battery at a full charge, without risk of overcharging
Fuel tank has a large, 4.4-U.S. gal. (16.6-L) capacity
Fuel tankFuel tank

Quality fuel system components enhance performance and convenience:

  • Large, 4.4-U.S. gal. (16.6-L) capacity
  • Wide, 3-in. (7.6-cm) diameter fuel tank filler opening
    • Located on the left fender
    • Makes adding fuel easy and helps eliminate spillage
  • Sealed and tethered fuel cap
    • Reduced fuel vapor loss
    • Less chance of losing fuel cap
Convenient dash-mounted fuel gaugeConvenient dash-mounted fuel gauge
  • Automotive-style fuel gauge on the dash
    • Easy to read from tractor seat
    • Reduces likelihood of running out of fuel
    • Eliminates unnecessary stops to refill
X394 with Accel Deep 54A MowerX394 with Accel Deep 54A Mower
Accel Deep 54A MowerAccel Deep 54A Mower

The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep Deck uses the latest in three-spindle mowing technology to raise performance to a higher level:

  • 10-gauge, 0.135-in. (3.4-mm) deck stamping for long life
  • Deep, flat-top deck design to handle a large volume of material at faster mowing speeds
    • Gives excellent cut quality and uniform discharge
    • Easy to keep clean on top of and under the deck
  • Resilient four-point mounting system suspends mower from tractor for a smooth and level cut
  • Wide mower wheels easily adjusted just above ground level to help prevent scalping
  • 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) cut-height increments allow mower to be set at the desired cut height
  • Onboard deck-leveling system makes keeping mower properly adjusted easy
  • Compatible with optional MulchControl™ mulching system
  • Compatible with high-performance Power Flow™ material collection systems
  • For use on X380, X384, X390, X394, X570, X580, X584, and model year 2016 X590 Tractors

The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep Mower Deck is a stamped-steel, deep, flat-top design that delivers excellent cut quality, productivity, cleanliness, durability, and versatility. Optimal performance and dispersion of clippings is provided, even at faster mowing speeds:

  • 4.83-in. (12.3-cm) depth throughout the entire deck shell for optimum mowing, mulching, and bagging performance
    • Optional lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl attachment provides superior mulching performance and versatility.
  • Stamped-steel design eliminates sharp edges and corners where material can build up and diminish mowing performance
  • Mower deck is suspended from the vehicle for a smooth and level cut
    • Adjustable mower wheels, positioned just above ground level, help reduce scalping
Excellent cut quality
54A Mower top54A Mower top
54A Mower underside54A Mower underside

Deep mower-deck stamping gives excellent cut quality. It allows the cut and suspended material room to exit the deck without getting recut:

  • Reducing the amount of re-cutting enables more power to be used to cut incoming grass, which greatly improves mower capacity.
    • Helps maintain excellent cut quality at faster mowing speeds
  • Clean flow of material out of discharge area prevents cut material from interfering with cutting the incoming grass, making it possible for the blades to cut incoming material cleanly.
  • Even in mulching mode, cut evenness is improved compared to other designs because the additional depth allows for continuous circulation, optimal re-cutting, and an even distribution of clippings.
Productivity - getting the job done fast
Right side of Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckRight side of Accel Deep 54A Mower Deck

Deep mower-deck stamping gives high productivity, which gets the job done fast. It allows the cut and suspended material room to exit the deck quickly, reducing the amount of re-cutting so more power is available to process incoming grass:

  • Greatly improves mowers capacity to maintain excellent mowing performance in difficult mowing conditions and at higher speeds

Large discharge opening is both high and wide to handle more material:

  • Gives a smooth, even discharge of clippings at all mowing speeds
  • Reduces the chance of plugging, especially important when operating in wet, thick, or dense grass and when bagging
  • The 54A Power Flow blower has an inlet housing with over 20 percent greater area than the 54X Power Flow blower used on previous machines.
Cleanliness - for the mower and the operator
Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck
Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck

The flat-top shape of the deck stamping is optimal for keeping itself and the operator clean:

  • There are few places to catch and hold material on top and underneath the deck.
    • Top of deck stays cleaner, reducing time and effort needed for cleaning and service
    • Underside of deck is self-cleaning to maintain optimum performance without build-up of material to interfere with the flow of air and clippings
    • Less need to clean and remove build-up of material from underside deck
  • The depth of the Accel Deep mower deck minimizes the amount of material that escapes from the front of the deck:
    • Limited amount of material to drift onto the operator and mower deck
    • Even for material discharged out the chute, less re-cutting results in larger pieces that are less likely to end up on the operator
    • Mulching prevents the discharge of material completely and a MulchControl attachment makes mulching a practical solution for most mowing situations.

Cleaning a mower deck, both top and bottom, is one of the most frequent maintenance activities:

  • The flat-top design reduces places for material to build up and makes material that does collect easy to remove.
Mower wash portMower wash port
Mower wash port with hose connectorMower wash port with hose connector

A wash port is provided to make cleaning the underside of the mower deck easy.

  • Hose connector is included with the mower deck.
How MulchControl works
MulchControl baffle openMulchControl baffle open
MulchControl baffle closedMulchControl baffle closed

MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

  • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
    • The MulchControl baffle, or divider, between the left and middle spindles is about half way down. The height is designed to balance the mulch and side-discharge modes.
    • When the MulchControl baffle is open, the divider between the left and middle spindles passes a portion of the material to the discharge opening, along with the material from the middle and right spindle areas.
    • When the MulchControl baffle is closed, the material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.
Superior durability is designed in
Spindle pocket with flip-up coverSpindle pocket with flip-up cover
Easy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcementEasy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcement

The 54A Mower Deck has strong spindle pockets, to keep the blades aligned, even after years of tough service:

  • Ribs in the deck shell add strength where it is needed.
  • The 54A has a 3 percent heavier overall weight than the Edge™ Xtra 54-in. (137-cm) mower deck used on previous machines.

Mower wheels are heavy duty:

  • Provides greater strength and durability for longer, trouble-free life.
  • Setting wheels to the correct height for the cutting height quick and easy.

Low-tension belt-drive design reduces the side load on engine lower bearings and mower deck bearings for longer life.

The 54A Mower Deck features a 5/8-in. (16-mm) diameter solid-steel rod side bumper that provides extra strength and protection.

Dual-stage E-coat and powder-paint coatings provide extra protection from rust.

Versatility - easy to change between side discharge, mulch, and bagging modes

The 54A Mower is designed for maximum versatility, providing the greatest ease in changing from one mower discharge mode to another:

  • With an optional MulchControl attachment installed (along with the special mulching blades), changing from mulch mode to side discharge mode or vice versa is done with the simple flip of a lever or touch of an electric switch.
  • The Power Flow rear bagger can be used with the MulchControl attachment and blades installed by simply using the MulchControl lever or electric one-touch switch to move the MulchControl baffle to the side-discharge position.
MulchControl option

A MulchControl attachment for the 54A Mower Deck makes mulching more practical for many mowing situations because it not only does an excellent job of mulching but it also allows the mower to be easily converted for times when it is more desirable to side discharge or collect the lawn material. Advantages of mulching grass clippings include:

  • A beautiful looking lawn
  • Grass clippings not blown onto the operator, driveways, or flower beds
  • Less fertilizer use
  • Elimination of the effort needed to dispose of clippings
7-bu (247-L) Power Flow rear bagger
Optional 7-bu (247-L) rear baggerOptional 7-bu (247-L) rear bagger
Power Flow blowerPower Flow blower

An optional 7-bu (247-L) rear bagger material collection system (MCS) is available. It provides an efficient means of collecting grass clippings and leaves:

  • The Power Flow blower and chute are easy to install. The Power Flow blower swings out for easy cleanout and cleanup.
  • The hopper design provides modern styling, great bagging performance, cleaner operation, and easy-to-empty bags:
    • 7-bu (247-L) capacity
    • Easy-to-attach Power Flow blower (ordered separately)
    • Easy-to-attach chute (ordered separately)
    • Air exhaust duct
    • Convenient spring-latch
    • Airflow fill indicator
    • Quik-Tatch mounting
    • Sealed hopper top
    • Loose-knit bags available

Larger 14-bu (493-L) and 19-bu (670-L) MCS are available, in addition to the 7-bu (247-L) MCS, for specific X300 and X500 Series Tractor models.


MulchControl handleMulchControl handle
Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch
  • For the lever-action MulchControl attachment, the MulchControl lever on top of the mower deck is used to engage or disengage mulch mode.
    • The operator is required to get off of the tractor in order to engage or disengage mulch mode with the lever-action system.
  • For the electric one-touch MulchControl attachment, the electric switch on the tractor dash is used to engage or disengage mulch mode.
  • Changing from mulch mode to side discharge mode or vice versa takes only a few seconds.


MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

  • Usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
  • Usually side-discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings
  • Always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
  • Bag clippings, but want to go farther before emptying bags

MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. The operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging or bagging when needed.

While in the side-discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side-discharge mode is essentially a partial-mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

  • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
  • When cutting in wet, high-growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
  • When optimum bagging and lawn clean-up is desired

An exclusive 4-year or 500-hour (whichever comes first), single-source, bumper-to-bumper warranty* is standard for all John Deere X500 Series Tractors.

  • The warranty is hassle free, with one company handling all of the paperwork.
  • Premium features of X500 Series Tractors allow for this longer warranty period, with more coverage than comparable tractors.

*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at or for details.

Power steering cylinderPower steering cylinder
Tilt steering wheel control leverTilt steering wheel control lever

Hydraulic power steering is standard equipment:

  • Provides effortless automotive-like control
  • Reduces operator fatigue and increases productivity
  • Offers a tight turning radius for great maneuverability
  • Adjustable-tilt steering wheel for optimum operator comfort (X584 and X590)
Convenient hydraulic lift
Hydraulic lift leverHydraulic lift lever

Convenient hydraulic lift lever makes raising and lowering the mower or implement easy:

  • The hydraulic lift control lever is positioned on the dash near the steering wheel.
  • Hydraulic lift provides quick, easy, and precise fingertip control of equipment.
  • Implement float is built into the lift linkage.
Hydrostatic transaxleHydrostatic transaxle
Piston-type rotating groupsPiston-type rotating groups

The integrated hydrostatic transaxle (IHT) encloses the hydrostatic pump and motor rotating groups in the same housing with the differential and axle housing:

  • Very efficient piston-type design
  • Fewer sealing surfaces to minimize potential for leakage

When combined with the foot controls, the hydrostatic transmission functions similarly to that of an automatic transmission in an automobile, so the term automatic is often used to describe it.


Key features of the drive system are as follows:

  • Large pump and motor rotating groups for long life and efficient operation
  • Full-length axle housings to support heavy loads
  • Twin Touch™ foot control for easy and precise change of speed and direction
  • Internal wet-disk brakes for long life and consistent operation. Brake interlock system that returns the foot control pedals to neutral during panic stops.
  • Return mechanism that closes the freewheeling valve when the brake pedal is depressed to start the engine
  • Replaceable oil filter for extra protection for tractors equipped with hydraulic lift and steering
Replaceable filter (X580, X584, X590)Replaceable filter (X580, X584, X590)
Standard cruise control
Cruise controlCruise control

Cruise control is standard equipment:

  • Maintains a set tractor ground speed for mowing large areas or when driving the tractor from one location to another.
  • Convenient, easy-to-use button to activate cruise control function.
  • Release cruise control with brake pedal or forward Twin Touch™ foot pedal
Traction assist (differential lock)
Traction assist controlTraction assist control

Traction assist is standard equipment:

  • Traction assist supplies positive power to both drive wheels for increased traction.
  • Foot-operated traction assist control is convenient for the operator to use, when needed.
Lever-action MulchContol leverLever-action MulchContol lever
Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch

Lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl attachment is available for Accel Deep™ 42-in. (107-cm) (42A), 48-in. (122-cm) (48A), and 54-in. (137-cm) (54A) Mower Decks used on X300 and X500 Select Series™ Tractors.

MulchControl advantages and benefits

MulchControl enhances versatility and productivity. A mower deck equipped with MulchControl not only does an excellent job of mowing and mulching, but it can also be quickly converted from side discharging to mulching or vice versa:

  • In mulch mode, it controls clippings dispersion in unwanted areas (driveways, landscape beds, near buildings, windows, parking lots, etc.).
  • Reduces cleanup time needed to dispose of clippings.
  • Reduces the amount of material entering a material collection system because, even in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will mulch about one third of the material due to the additional baffles under the mower deck and the unique design of the mulching blades.

Electric MulchControl has the additional advantage of being controlled from the tractor seat by a switch on the dash to operate an electric actuator that moves the baffle to close off the discharge area of the mower deck.

Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch
Electric one-touch MulchControl actuatorElectric one-touch MulchControl actuator
  • Operators can convert between modes without interrupting the mowing process, making it practical to change between modes as conditions require.
    • When approaching clean areas like driveways or flowerbeds where clippings would be undesirable
    • When a breeze might blow clippings back onto the operator
    • For side discharge mowing only the areas of the property where grass is too thick for mulching
    • With 48A and 54A Mower Decks, for collecting only the areas of the property where grass is too tall or thick for mulching
      • With 48A and 54A Mower Decks, the MulchControl baffle can be opened or closed with the Power Flow™ blower installed. The Power Flow blower will run without material when the baffle is closed.
      • Models equipped with a 42A Mower Deck require a MulchControl baffle be removed to install the bagger chute; see 42A Mower Deck versatility explanation for more information.
  • Changing from one mode to the other takes only a few seconds.
How MulchControl works

A mower equipped with a MulchControl attachment delivers unprecedented levels of productivity and versatility. The operator has the ability to quickly change between side discharging and mulching. A heavy-duty baffle opens and closes to convert the mower from side discharge mode to mulch mode or vice versa.

MulchControl baffle open (similar mower deck shown)MulchControl baffle open (similar mower deck shown)
MulchControl baffle closed (similar mower deck shown) MulchControl baffle closed (similar mower deck shown)

MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

  • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
  • When the MulchControl baffle is open, most of the material flows freely out the discharge deflector or into a material collection system.
  • When the MulchControl baffle is closed, material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.

MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

  • For operators who usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
  • For operators who usually side discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings in some areas
  • For operators who always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
  • For operators who collect clippings, but want to go farther before emptying the material collection system

MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. The operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging when desired.

Advantages of MulchControl include:

  • Performance is improved.
    • Mulching is beneficial because it returns the clippings to the ground as fertilizer, which promotes lawn growth.
    • Clippings are much smaller, which allows them to fall into the grass and be removed from view.
    • Unsightly grass clippings are not blown onto driveways or into flower beds.
    • Fertilizer use is reduced and provides associated environmental benefits.
  • Uptime is increased.
    • Operators can convert quickly between modes, making it possible to change between mulching and side discharging as conditions require.
    • Mulching heavy, thick material can significantly reduce mower productivity. The ability to switch from mulch to side discharge mode ensures productivity, especially in grass too tall or thick to mulch effectively.
  • Cost of operation is reduced.
    • Controlling clipping dispersion reduces cleanup time.
MulchControl limitations

While in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side discharge mode is essentially a partial mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

  • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
  • When cutting in wet, high growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
  • When optimum bagging and lawn clean­up is desired
  • 42A Mower Deck requires a MulchControl baffle be removed to install the bagger chute
MulchControl compatibility

Each MulchControl attachment includes everything needed: baffles and mulch blades for all attachments, and the actuator, wiring, and switches for the electric one-touch attachments.

Lever-action MulchControl attachments
Attachment numberDescriptionApplications
BM2479442A MulchControl (lever action)X300 Series Tractors, Z300 Series ZTrak™ Mowers
BM2499348A MulchControl (lever action)X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers
BM2499454A MulchControl (lever action)X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers
Electric one-touch MulchControl attachments
Attachment numberDescriptionApplications
BUC1016442A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 Series Tractors*
BUC1016548A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 and X500 Series Tractors*
BUC1016654A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 and X500 Series Tractors*

* NOTE: Model year 2016-2017 X300 and X500 Series Tractors (X300 serial number 10,001-50,000 and X500 serial number 110,001-130,000) require replacing the tractor wiring harness and dash panel to use an electric MulchControl attachment.

X590 Tractor shown with optional front blade and weather enclosureX590 Tractor shown with optional front blade and weather enclosure
X590 Tractor shown with optional snow blower and weather enclosureX590 Tractor shown with optional snow blower and weather enclosure

An advantage of lawn tractors is their ability to use attachments for snow removal and other yard-care chores. Lawn tractor owners can add a John Deere snow blower or front blade to make quick work of moving snow whenever the need arises. Weather enclosure and tire-chain attachments add comfort and performance.

Equipment available for snow removal includes:

  • 44-in. (112-cm) Snow Blower for X570 Tractor
  • 47-in. (119-cm) Snow Blower for X580, X584, and X590 Tractors
  • 48-in. (122-cm) Front Blade
  • Tire chains or TerraGrip traction belts
  • Weather enclosure
  • Weights


30-in. (76-cm) Mechanical Rotary Tiller30-in. (76-cm) Mechanical Rotary Tiller
42-in. (107-cm) Hydraulic Rotary Tiller42-in. (107-cm) Hydraulic Rotary Tiller

Rotary tillers are real time savers for preparing seedbeds, controlling weeds, and other tillage jobs.

Equipment available for tilling includes:

  • 30-in. (76-cm) Mechanical Rotary Tiller for X570, X580, and X590 Tractors
  • 42-in. (107-cm) Hydraulic Rotary Tiller for X580 and X590 Tractors
    • The hydraulic tiller is quieter operating and has the unique ability to operate with either forward or reverse tine rotation.
  • Weights


Controls and gauges (steering wheel removed)Controls and gauges (steering wheel removed)
Dash (X590 Tractor shown with switch on to show display)Dash (X590 Tractor shown with switch on to show display)

The contoured dash has clean, attractive styling and ergonomic controls for easy use:

  • Controls are color-coded for easy identification by the operator.
  • Controls are logically placed and easy to reach.
  • The power take-off (PTO) switch allows the operator to get fingers underneath it, like a T-handle, to pull up for easy activation.
  • The reverse implement option (RIO) switch is a yellow button.
  • The latch control on foot-lift models and hydraulic-lift control on power-lift models and the park brake latch are pivot levers for low effort.
  • Cruise control activation is handled by an automotive-style button.
  • Separate engine speed and choke controls make starting and warming up the engine easier in cold weather.
    • The choke lever is spring loaded to eliminate the chance the tractor will be unintentionally operated with the choke partially closed.
  • Functional design of the throttle and choke controls provides good appearance and a comfortable feel.
Display panel
Display panelDisplay panel
Display panel illustration with descriptionsDisplay panel illustration with descriptions

Instrument display has the look and feel of a modern automobile. A power-up sequence cycles lights and gauges to indicate they are working:

  • Display features dark-cockpit design to minimize operator distractions.
  • Display is back lit for night visibility.
    • Night visibility is especially useful with snow blower use.
  • Hour meter makes it easy to tell when oil changes and other maintenance should be performed.
  • Electronic fuel gauge provides real-time fuel level information.
  • A tachometer graphically displays engine speed.
    • Target-zone graphics inform the operator of the engine speed range to use for best cut quality.
  • An indicator tells the operator when the PTO is operating.
  • Bright caution and stop lights capture the operator's attention when important information is on the instrument cluster.
    • Damage can be prevented and repair costs reduced by addressing problems early.
  • Operators are advised of what the problem is if they attempt to operate the mower with unsatisfied PTO, seat, or park brake interlocks.
    • The indicators are also useful to identify the reasons the PTO or engine may have shut off when an interlock is unsatisfied.
  • Operators are advised if battery voltage is low, normal, or excessive.
  • The service indicator light illuminates to indicate a diagnostic error code is stored.
    • On-board diagnostics provides trouble codes for use by trained technicians.
      • For example, a technician will be able to test switch functionality and circuit continuity without tools.
Twin Touch™ foot control
Twin Touch foot controlTwin Touch foot control
Cruise controlCruise control

Twin Touch foot pedals control the speed and direction of travel:

  • Automotive-type accelerator control ensures easy operation.
  • Operator can change direction without lifting foot off the platform.
  • Large pedal surface gives superior operator comfort.
Cruise control

Cruise control is standard equipment:

  • To engage, push the cruise-control button and hold until the foot is removed from the forward pedal.
  • For emergency stop, the cruise control can be released by pushing on the brake pedal or the forward pedal.
Lift-spring decals and boltLift-spring decals and bolt
Lift-assist spring decalLift-assist spring decal

A lift-assist spring is provided on the tractor to minimize lift effort:

  • Lift effort can be easily adjusted by just turning a bolt located on the tractor front bumper for optimum performance, depending on the equipment used (mower, front blade, etc.).
  • Decals on the outside of the tractor frame indicate appropriate adjustment.
  • The mower will not be inadvertently locked in the raised position when mowing through ditches.
  • When installing or removing a mower or front equipment raised by the foot-lift system, spring tension may be removed from the connection points.
    •  Pull rearward on the lift pedal and raise the lift latch to hold the pedal in the rearward position.
Mower deck height adjustment
Conveniently located mower  deck height adjustmentConveniently located mower deck height adjustment
Onboard mower adjusting gauge and wrenchOnboard mower adjusting gauge and wrench

A rotary dial knob makes adjusting the mower cut height quick and easy:

  • Mower cut height can be adjusted in 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) increments from 1 in. (2.5 cm)  to 4 in. (10.2 cm).
  • Mower deck returns to the same preset height each time it is lowered.
  • Onboard deck-leveling gauge and Exact Adjust tool conveniently located in the storage compartment under the seat
    • Used in conjunction with Exact Adjust ports for easy and accurate leveling of the mower deck for optimum mowing performance
Deck-leveling gauge placed under deckDeck-leveling gauge placed under deck
Exact Adjust tool is used to level mower deckExact Adjust tool is used to level mower deck

Storage for the onboard deck-leveling gauge and the Exact Adjust tool is provided in the storage tray under the tractor’s seat:

  •  Exact Adjust ports allow for easy and accurate leveling of the mower deck for optimum mowing performance.

Deck-leveling gauge is placed at the appropriate location under the left rear, right rear, and front of the mower deck as the cut height is adjusted using the Exact Adjust tool and front draft arm adjusting nuts.

Foot pedal lift system (X570)
Foot pedal lift system (X570)Foot pedal lift system (X570)
Foot-lift latch controlFoot-lift latch control

Pushing with the foot to raise the mower or implement is less strenuous for many operators:

  • Easy-to-use raised-position lock operates similarly to the park brake lock.
  • Foot pedal is out of the way and not likely to catch on bushes and tree limbs when mowing.
  • Mower deck returns to the same preset height each time it is lowered.
Convenient hydraulic lift (X580, X584, X590)
Hydraulic lift lever (X580, X584, X590)Hydraulic lift lever (X580, X584, X590)

Convenient hydraulic lift lever makes raising and lowering the mower or implement easy:

  • The hydraulic lift control lever is positioned on the dash near the steering wheel.
  • Hydraulic lift provides quick, easy, and precise fingertip control of equipment.
  • Implement float is built into the lift linkage.
Parking brake control
Parking brakeParking brake

Depressing the brake pedal applies force to internal wet-disk brake (which provides excellent durability and long life) for safe stopping.

Parking brake control is conveniently located for easy access; holds brake pedal securely in locked position.

Electric power take-off (PTO) clutch is easy and convenient to use
Electric PTO switchElectric PTO switch

The heavy-duty electric PTO clutch is operated with a convenient dash-mounted switch.

Heavy-duty PTO clutch
PTO clutchPTO clutch

The PTO clutch is designed to operate through many on/off cycles.

Reverse implement switchReverse implement switch
Using RIO

CAUTION: Children or bystanders may be injured by rotating blades. Before traveling forward or rearward:

  • Carefully check the area around the machine.
  • Disengage the mower before backing up.

NOTE: Operating the mower while backing up is strongly discouraged. RIO should be used only when operating another attachment or when the operator deems it necessary to reposition the machine with the mower engaged.

  1. Stop forward travel. Allow attachment to run.
  2. Look down and behind the machine to be sure that there are no bystanders.
  3. Push and hold in the reverse implement switch while depressing the reverse pedal slightly.
    NOTE: If the attachment stops while positioning the machine, return mower engagement (PTO) switch to off position. Repeat this procedure from the beginning.
  4. Release the reverse implement switch and reposition the machine as the machine begins to move rearward.
  5. Resume forward travel. The attachment should continue operating.
  6. Repeat procedure to position the machine again.
Heavy-duty welded frameHeavy-duty welded frame
Front bumper/weight bracketFront bumper/weight bracket

The frame is made of heavy-duty formed and welded steel, reinforced in critical areas for even greater strength:

  • Frame is formed from 12-gauge, 0.105-in. (2.66-mm) thick material.
  • Front bumper and hitch plate are formed from 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) steel and complete the frame assembly.
  • Front bumper can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
  • Rear hitch plate can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
    • X584 requires an optional rear weight bracket.
Optional Quik-Tatch weights
Shown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weightsShown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights

The front bumper holds up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.

Front axle and wheel spindles are heavy duty
Cast-iron front axleCast-iron front axle

The front axle is made of nodular cast iron:

  • Strong and shock resistant
  • Will not yield under heavy loads or impact

Replaceable bushings are used at the center axle pivot and steering spindles:

  • Provide excellent wear resistance
  • Grease cavity between bushings maintains lubrication and easy steering between greasings
  • Easy-to-service grease fittings at each spindle
Front steering spindles
Steering spindle (X570 shown)Steering spindle (X570 shown)

The front steering spindles are strong for long life:

  • Have the strength to handle heavy implements
    • 0.75-in. (19-mm) steering spindle diameter (X570)
    • 1-in. (25.4-mm) steering spindle diameter (X580, X584, X590)
  • Provide long life at bearing surfaces
    • 0.75-in. (19-mm) diameter front wheel bearings (X570)
    • 1-in. (25.4-mm) diameter front wheel bearings (X580, X584, X590)
  • Sealed precision ball bearings at front wheels ensure long life and are maintenance free
Rear equipment-mounting system is heavy-duty and easy to use
Rear equipment mounting systemRear equipment mounting system

A heavy-duty equipment mounting system is used:

  • Includes strong frame mounts with a combination of mounting holes in the tractor hitch plate that accept pins or shoulder bolts to support heavy rear-mounted equipment.
  • Easily attach optional equipment to the tractor
  • Can bear the load of heavy rear-mounted equipment, such as material collection systems
Attractive stylingAttractive styling
Side-hood ventsSide-hood vents

Smooth, rounded contours present a modern, styled appearance:

  • Hood styling incorporates efficient full-length air-intake louvers on each side.
    • Cooler engine operation
    • Lower operator station sound levels
  • Hot air is vented out the front grill, away from the operator.
  • The fully enclosed hood is made of molded-in-color material.
    • Reduces sound
    • Will not rust or dent
  • Distinctive grille and large, one-piece fender deck complete the styling package.
Versatility and premium features for great performance with larger equipment
X590 show with 47-in. (119-cm) Snow BlowerX590 show with 47-in. (119-cm) Snow Blower
X590 Tractor shownX590 Tractor shown

Premium features ensure the versatility of X500 Series Tractors:

  • Heavy-duty welded-steel frame with integrated rear weight bracket
  • Integrated front weight bracket (X580, X584, X590)
  • Air-cooled John Deere iTorque™ power system
  • Differential lock
  • Convenient foot-pedal lift system (X570) or easy-to-use hydraulic lift (X580, X584, X590)
  • Low-effort manual steering (X570) or power steering (X580, X584, X590)
  • Five-position tilt steering wheel (X584, X590)
  • Heavy-duty all-purpose (HDAP) rear tires (X580, X590)
  • Accel Deep™ Mower Decks with optional MulchControl™ system
Two headlights give excellent visibility
Quality headlightsQuality headlights

Headlights are standard equipment.

High-quality headlights make evening work easier and safer:

  • Two 27-W bulbs provide excellent lighting for improved visibility during evening operation.
  • A headlight position on the ignition switch makes it easy to operate the headlights.
  • Headlights are designed to provide an optimum lighting pattern for mowing and snow removal.
Dash controls are color coded for identificationDash controls are color coded for identification
Automotive-like dash displayAutomotive-like dash display

The operator station is designed for operator comfort and convenience in operating all controls. The controls are easy to use and color coded for quick identification.

Comfortable seats
15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580)15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580)
21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)

The 15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580) features distinctive styling and is designed for comfort:

  • Open-back design allows air circulation to keep the operator's back cool and dry for a more comfortable ride.
  • Hand grip at the top of the seat is conveniently located for use when tilting the seat up to protect it from the weather.

The 21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590) provides additional comfort and support for the operator.

Adjustable suspension
Seat shown with optional storage pocketSeat shown with optional storage pocket

The seat suspension is easily adjusted to make most any operator comfortable:

  • 7 in. (18 cm) of seat travel allows the operator to be seated comfortably and operate the controls easily.
  • Seat can be easily adjusted fore and aft by the operator while sitting on the seat (15 positions).
  • Seat features a suspension that is easily adjusted for the operator's weight and height.
    • Springs provide a smooth ride and will not bottom out.
    • Spring position is adjustable for the operator's weight.
  • Seat tilts forward to keep the seating surface out of the weather.
    • Tilting the seat forward keeps moisture and the sun off the seat cushion for greater operator comfort.
  • Optional storage pocket (X570, X580) provides a convenient storage area for gloves, etc.
Optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat, four-bar suspension, and slide
Seat has convenient tilt-back featureSeat has convenient tilt-back feature
Tilt-back seat controlTilt-back seat control

The optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat, four-bar suspension, and slide shipped on Signature Series X700 Tractors is available as an upgrade seat and suspension for all X500 Multi-Terrain Tractors (model year 2006-). Key selling features for this seat include:

  • Thick seat cushion for lasting comfort, even after a full day of use
  • Back of seat can be angled to maximize operator comfort
    •  Convenient lever on the side of the seat unlocks back of seat to allow positioning
  • Four-bar suspension and slide are included for extra comfort and bolt to the tractors fender-deck mounting holes
  • BM24426 armrest attachment available as a field-installed option
Optional armrest attachment
Adjustable armrest optionAdjustable armrest option
Left armrest in raised positionLeft armrest in raised position

Armrests increase operator support and comfort, thus reducing fatigue and improving productivity, especially when mowing for extended periods of time. Armrests are adjustable to suit the operator. This armrest attachment is designed for the optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat.

Standard 12-V outletStandard 12-V outlet

A 12-V outlet is standard equipment and provides a convenient plug-in for electrical equipment.

Tilt steering wheel (X584, X590)
Tilt steering wheel (lowest position)Tilt steering wheel (lowest position)
Tilt steering wheel (highest position)Tilt steering wheel (highest position)
  •  Five steering-wheel positions allow the operator to select the most comfortable setting (X584, X590).
Rubber foot pads
Rubber foot padsRubber foot pads

Rubber foot pads make the operator more comfortable:

  • Help insulate operator's feet from vibration
  • Attractive styling
  • Long-lasting wear surface
  • Reduce chance of slippage, even with wet surface
Cup holder, toolbox, and fender handleCup holder, toolbox, and fender handle

A cup holder and covered toolbox are conveniently located on the fender next to the operator's seat.

Handles on each fender are useful when getting on and off the tractor.

Illustration of fast connector locationIllustration of fast connector location

A mid-vehicle 12-V fast connector, located under the tractor’s fuse box, is included as standard equipment to reduce initial installation time for some attachments that operate on 12-V power from the tractor:

  • The four-cavity connector includes battery, ground, and key switch terminals and is turned on and off with the ignition switch.
One-piece hood is easy to openOne-piece hood is easy to open
Service interval decal located under hoodService interval decal located under hood

The one-piece hood opens easily to permit checking and servicing the engine:

  • Important service points are located within easy reach.
  • A service-interval decal is provided inside the tractor hood for convenience when servicing the tractor.
    • The high-quality engine used in the X500 Series does not require an 8-hour oil and filter change because improvements in manufacturing processes and quality of parts, components, and oils have eliminated the need for the short interval oil change requirement.
Easy-to-service engine fuel and oil filtersEasy-to-service engine fuel and oil filters

The engine fuel and oil filters, the oil check/fill tube, and the oil drain tube are exposed for serviceability when the hood is opened.


Exact Adjust ports and onboard deck-leveling tools make precise deck adjustments easy
Deck-leveling gauge and hex adjusting tool stored under tractor seatDeck-leveling gauge and hex adjusting tool stored under tractor seat
Exact Adjust access holesExact Adjust access holes

A mower deck must be level side-to-side and properly adjusted front-to-rear to give the best cutting performance. A removable onboard deck-leveling gauge and a hex-key tool are provided to make adjustment easy. They are securely stored under the tractor seat.

Exact Adjust leveling ports are provided on each side of the operator platform above the mower-level adjusting bolts. With the hex-shaped tool, they provide convenient access to allow quick and easy adjustment of the mower for the best-cut quality of cut.

The Exact Adjust feature is standard on all Select Series™ X300 and X500 Tractors:

  • There is no need to reach under the fender deck while making the mower-level adjustment.
  • Onboard deck-leveling gauge, Exact Adjust ports, and the hex tool work together.
    • Level the mower deck side to side
    • Set the correct amount of rake (front-to-back deck orientation)
    • Calibrate the cutting height to the cut-height adjusting knob setting
  • Exact Adjust simplifies leveling the mower deck if equipped with a Power Flow™ blower.
    • To give the best cut, mower level should be adjusted if alternately mowing with and without blower installed. The Exact Adjust feature makes this easy.
Deck-leveling tool placed under deckDeck-leveling tool placed under deck
Using included ball-hex tool to level mower deckUsing included ball-hex tool to level mower deck

Consult the operator's manual for the correct adjusting procedures for each tractor model. Basic adjusting steps to properly level the mower deck include:

  • Park the tractor on a level surface.
  • Inflate tires to the correct pressure.
  • Consult the label for the cutting-height knob that is located on the console of the machine. This label shows deck-leveling position and location of deck-leveling adjustment points.
Cut height adjusting knobCut height adjusting knob
  • Set mower cutting-height knob to the correct deck-leveling position.
    • For X300 models, use position 2.75
    • For all other models, use position 2.5
  • Adjust mower wheels as necessary so they do not contact the ground surface.
  • Remove the onboard deck-leveling gauge that is located under the seat.
  • Using the Exact Adjust ports and tool, adjust mower deck side-to-side level so the deck-leveling gauge just slips under the left and right lower deck rim at the designated adjustment points. The location of adjustment points will vary slightly between decks.
    • Left- and right-rear adjustment points are under the deck rim near the rear mower wheels, if equipped.
  • Adjust mower deck front-to-back level, if necessary.
    • Loosen rear nuts equally on each side of front lift rod.
    • Turn front nut equally on each side clockwise to raise front of mower or counterclockwise to lower it until gauge just slips under the front adjustment point.
    • Tighten rear nuts after adjustment is complete.
  • Return the gauge to its storage position. 


NOTE: The adjusting tool supplied with the tractor is an 8-mm ball-hex key, part number M162737. The rounded end allows for some misalignment with the bolt as the deck is adjusted.

MowerPlus app screenMowerPlus app screen
MowerPlus app maintenance screenMowerPlus app maintenance screen

Keep a John Deere riding lawn mower running its best and know how it mows with the John Deere MowerPlus app. Simply scan the lawn tractor’s barcode to get custom information. The app helps determine the best time to mow, communicates expert pre-mow tips, offers maintenance reminders, and provides walk-through guides.

Look for the MowerPlus app on the mobile device’s app store.

The app supports residential lawn equipment such as 100 Series, S240, X300, X500, X700, Z200 through Z600, and many similarly-sized older products. It does not presently support tractor models numbered 1000 and larger, such as 1025R.

NOTE: Some product image variation may exist.

Also available is the John Deere MowerPlus smart connector (sold separately).

Smart connectorSmart connector

The John Deere MowerPlus smart connector wirelessly links a Select Series™ X300 or X500 Tractor to the MowerPlus app on a mobile device. The smart connector transmits engine usage to the app, making it easy to track maintenance intervals. It also transmits the fuel level to the app—when thinking ahead about Saturday morning mowing, the operator can make sure the tractor is fueled and ready to go.


Compare the specifications of up to 4 models

Key Specs x580-lawn-tractor
Current Model
Engine power24 hp
17.9 kW
Engine manufacturer/modelFS730V
Transaxle typeK72 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle
Transaxle controlTwin Touch™ pedals
Rear tires24x12-12 HDAP
Steering typePower, hydraulic
Lift system typeHydraulic
Cutting widthAccel Deep™ mower deck, 54 in.
137 cm
U.S. warrantyyear/500 hour bumper-to-bumper** (**Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at or for details.)
Power24 hp
17.9 kW
Displacement44.3 cu in.
726 cc
TypeOverhead valve, full-pressure lube, oil filter
CylindersV-twin, cast-iron liners
Choke/speed controlSeparate levers, automatic choke return
Cooling methodAir
Air cleanerDry, replaceable with foam precleaner
Oil drainNo tools
Fuel system
Fuel deliveryPulse pump and carburetor
Fuel gaugeGauge on dash
Fuel tank locationRear
Fuel fill openingOn left fender, 3 in.
7.6 cm
Fuel tank capacity4.4 U.S. gal.
16.7 L
Electrical system
Battery12 V
500 CCA
Charging systemFlywheel alternator, regulated, 15 amp
Engine starterSolenoid shift
HeadlightsTwo standard, incandescent, 27 W
Taillights or reflectorReflectors
Backup lightsNo
Rear work lightsNo
12-V outletYes
TypeK72 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle
ControlTwin Touch™ pedals
Cruise controlYes, button on dash
Oil coolerFins and fan on transaxle
Oil filterYes, replaceable
Differential lockStandard
Forward speed0-7.2 mph
0-11.6 km/h
Reverse speed0-5.2 mph
0-8.4 km/h
BrakesInternal wet disc
FrameWelded heavy-duty
Weight bracketStandard front and rear - each holds up to four Quik-Tatch weights, 42 lb
19 kg
Receiver hitchNo
Front axleCast iron front axle, front wheel ball bearings
Spindle bushingsMetal, replaceable
Front tires16x6.5-8 turf
Rear tires24x12-12 HDAP
Hood materialMolded-in color hood material reduces sound, will not rust or dent
Fender deck materialStamped steel
Floor matsSure-grip rubber
StorageYes, under seat and covered toolbox
Service interval decalYes
Fender handles/gripsHandles
Cup holderYes
Equipment mountingYes, heavy duty
TypePower, hydraulic
Four-wheel steerNot available on this model
Steering wheel14 in.
35.6 cm
Tilt steering wheelNo
Turning radius22 in.
55.9 cm
Uncut circle radius24 in.
61 cm
TypeOpen-back design with grasp
Seat back height15 in.
38.1 cm
Fore-aft adjustmentWhile seated, slide rail, 14-position, 7 in.
17.8 cm
Seat suspensionTilt, two coil springs, three-position no-tools adjustment for operator weight
Lift system
Hydraulic outletsNo
Mower cut height13 positions, 1-4 in.
2.5-10.2 cm
Cut height increments0.25 in.
0.64 cm
Preset cut heightYes
Mower deck
TypeSide discharge
Cutting widthAccel Deep™ mower deck, 54 in.
137 cm
ConstructionStamped steel deck shell
Mower deck material10 gauge
0.135 in.
3.4 mm
Mower wash portYes
Mower drive systemElectric power take-off (PTO) clutch, in-line belt
Mower wheelsFour
Mower wheel adjustmentSeven-position, spring-loaded pin
Mower level adjustmentExact Adjust ports and onboard deck-leveling gauge
Mower attachability
TypeRoll under tractor
Front draft armsAttached with spring pins at two points
Rear draft armsQuick-pull pins
Mower wheels rotateYes, 90 degrees for easy mower removal
Drive systemDual belt
Meets ANSI standardYes
Meets OPEI standardYes
Backup protectionReverse Implement Option (RIO)
Safety videoYes
Buyer's notes
NotesHeavy-duty garden tractor transaxle
Convenient power steering and hydraulic lift
Built-in front and rear weight bracket
Warranty4 year/500 hour bumper-to-bumper** (**Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at or for details.)
Optional equipment
Mowers54XA (standard)
Rear bagger7, 14, 19 bu
247, 493, 670 L
Powered material collectionPower Flow™ blower
Mulching systemYes, MulchControl™
Front thatcher38, 46, 54 in.
96.5, 116.8, 137.2 cm
Front blade48 in.
121.9 cm
Mid-mount blade
Snow blowerTwo-stage, 47 in.
119.4 cm
Rotary broom
Rotary tillerMechanical, 30 in.
76.2 cm
Sleeve hitchYes, implements include box scraper, rear blade, plow, disk, and cultivator
3-point hitch
Rear power take-off (PTO)
Plow, moldboardYes
Box scraperYes
Rear bladeYes
Disk harrow
Landscape rake
SprayerTow-behind, 15, 25, 45 U.S. gal.
56.8, 94.6, 170.3 L
Mounted, 25 U.S. gal.
94.6 L
Spreader125, 175 lb
57.7, 79.4 kg
Mounted, 125 lb
57.7 kg
Front bumperStandard front bumper/weight bracket
Brush guardYes
Weather protectionWeather enclosure
Sun canopyYes
Rear receiver hitch
Bucket holderYes, double bucket
Grass stripingLawn striping kit
Tractor shovel40 in.
101.6 cm
Front loader
Other equipment
Tow-behind tools19
Height45 in.
114.3 cm
Overall length79 in.
201 cm
Wheelbase51.2 in.
130 cm
Width with mower68.4 in.
174 cm
Width with mower (deflector raised for storage)59.4 in.
151 cm
Width without mower41 in.
104.1 cm
WeightMower, no fuel, 787 lb
357 kg

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